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Half yearly Scientific quartely Jornal issued by college of agriculture.Specialized by agricultirnal science.Constituted at first in 2011.reach to third issueance untill now.
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The Effect of the Inoculation with the Mycorrhizae and Spray with FeSO4 and Anti-Transpirant on Some Growth Characters and Yield of Okra Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2019, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 1-9

Abstract
The present experiment was carried out at one field of the research station (B) belongs to Horticulture Department/College of Agriculture/ Baghdad University during the summer season of 2017 in order to study the effect of the inoculation with the mycorrhizae and spray with FeSO4 and Anti-Transpirant (Armurox) on some growth characters and yield of okra Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench. The experiment was lay out as a factorial experiment (2x3x2) in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. The total number of treatments was twelve. The three factors of the experiment included; the inoculation with mycorrhizae (M) (0 and 10 g. plant-1), spray with FeSO4 (F) (0, 0.5, and 1g.L-1), and the Anti-Transpirant ‘Armurox’ (A) (0 and 5 ml.L-1). The results showed that the three factors and their interactions had significant effects on most of the growth characters measured. The inoculation with the mycorrhizae was superior in giving higher values of plant height, number of branches and total number of leaves per plant; 139.97 cm, 15.00 branch. plant-1 and 165.85 leaf. plant-1, respectively. The M1F0A0 combination treatment recorded the highest number of branches per plant (16.50) while the M1F2A1 treatment recorded the highest values of plant height (145.66 cm), total leaves number (170.33 leaf. plant-1), leaf area (731.36 dcm-2. plant-1), number of pods (19.20 pod. plant-1), and plant yield (809.40 g. plant-1).
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Estimation of Some Genetic Parameters and Correlation in the Varieties of Bread Wheat under the Conditions of AL-Diwaniyah

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2019, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 10-15

A field experiment was carried out in the fields of one of the farmers in AL Diwaniyah Governorate for the winter season 2015/2016 using nine varieties of wheat bread (Tamoze 1, Tamoze 2, , Maksebak, Sabah, Eba 95, Latifia, Eba 99, Abu Ghraib and Sham 6). RCBD Used design with three replicate in order to estimation of some genetic parameters and correlation of bread wheat varieties under the experiment Diwaniyah to determine the most effect characters on yield that can be used as guide to select and improve the yield . an account Genetic and phenotypic variation , correlation coefficient, inheritance ratio in broad and narrow Expected genetic improvement ratio for character hight plant , namber of Branches , spike length , number of grains spike ,weight of 1000 and yield ..
The results showed that there were significant differences between the cultivars, with the superiority of the Eba 99 by giving the highest rate of 1043.3 kg / dunum between the varieties. There were significant differences between the studied characters Abu99 the superiority in number of branches , length of spick , number of the seed spick and ,weight of 1000 grin their average ( 11.33, 12.0, 66.3 and 47.3 gram, respectively), which were positively reflected in grain yield.
The genetic, environmental and morphological differences of the studied character were significant and the values of the genetic and phenotypic factors were correlated to most traits and inheritance in the broad sense higher (0.592 - 0.728)
As an average percentage medal of most traits, but genetic and phenotypic correlation were significant in the desired direction of most yield and therefore yield can be considered as an electoral tool in breeding and plant improvement programs.
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Fertilizer Use Efficiency of Nano Fertilizers of Micronutrients Foliar Application on Jerusalem Artichoke

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2019, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 16-25

A field experiment was carried out in one of the fields of plot 158 district 41 Husseiniya , township of Taliaa, Babylon Governorate, to study fertilizer use efficiency of nano fertilizers micronutrients foliar application on Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.).The experiment included 17 treatments of spraying the nano-fertilizes micronutrients of nano iron 13% Fe ,nano zinc 20% Zn, nano copper 15% Cu and nano manganese 18% Mn, single spray, dual, triple and quadruple combinations, as well as a quadratic combination of a traditional source as well as the treatment of water-only control. In nutrients content in arial parts and tubers, nutrients uptake, total uptake ,FUE,MNUE. RCBD design with three replicates, and the solutions were sprayed early in the morning after 60 days of planting and at 25, 50, 75 and 100 g fertilizer 100 L-1 Water for to spray the first, second, third and fourth respectively, and according to the recommendation by 1 kg Naon fertilizers h-1, and another 400 liters of spray solution h-1.

The results of the duncan test showed a probability level of 0.05 The superiority of the single spray treatments followed by the treatment of nano (Zn+Cu+Fe+Mn) in micronutrients content of arial parts and tubers of zinc, copper, iron, manganese and total uptake, While achieved the nutrient use efficiency of nano-zinc, nano-copper, nano-iron and nano-manganese (93.10, 85.00, 99.00 and 85.50%) sequentially. For individual spray treatments and (91.60, 81.30, 91.85, and 83.40%) sequentially for the treatment of nano spray common quartet (Zn + Cu + Fe + Mn). .

The Response of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) to Inoculation with the Mycorrhizae and Spray with FeSO4 and Anti-transpirant

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2019, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 26-35

The present experiment was conducted at one field of the research station (B) belongs to Horticulture Department/College of Agriculture/ Baghdad University during the summer season of 2017 in order to study the effect of the inoculation with the mycorrhizae and spray with FeSO4 and Anti-transpirant (Armurox) on some growth characters and yield of okra Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench. The experiment was lay out as a factorial experiment (2x3x2) in randomized complete block design (RCBD). The three factors used in this experiment included; the inoculation with mycorrhizae (M) (0 and 10 g. plant-1), spray with FeSO4 (F) (0, 0.5, and 1g. L-1), and the Anti-transpirant ‘Armurox’ (A) (0 and 5 ml.L-1). The results showed that the inoculation with mycorrhizae had positive effect on chlorophyll content, dry weight of shoot, total number of flowers and total yield with values of 51.15 mg.100 g-1, 28.73%, 116.12 flower. plant -1, 21.92 ton. hectare-1, respectively. The M1F0A0 combination treatment was superior in total number of flowers per plant (132.90), while the M1F2A1 combination treatment was superior in chlorophyll content, dry weight and total yield with values of 68.23 mg. 100 g-1, 31.82%, and 25.29 ton. hectare-1, respectively. .

Effect of Pollen Grains and Growth Regulator NAA on Some Fruit Characterization of Date Palm Phoenix dactylifera L Cultivar. Sultani

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2019, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 36-42

This research was conducted in orchard belong to Al-Mahawel date palm station (Abo Sderah) / Ministry of Agriculture located in governorate of Babylon, during the season 2015-2016. Twenty four uniform date palm Phoenix dactylifera. L. Sultani cultivar were used , to study the effect of the pollinator type (P1: Ghannamiakhder , P2: Ghannamiahmer and P3:khukri ), the concentration of Naphthalene Acetic Acid NAA(0 , 50 and 100 ) mg.L-1 and their interaction on fruits setting up , fruits drop and some of physical and chemical characteristics of fruits of date palm Sultani cultivar .Experiment carried out as factorial experiment(3×3) by Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications in each treatment , and the means were compared using LSD level of significant test at P ≤ 0·05. The results can be summarized as that Ghannamiahmer (P2) cultivar and 50 mg.L-1 NAA application showed a significant increase in the fruit setting% , while Khukri cultivar(P3) showed significantly increased fruit size and weight as compared with the other cultivars.Furthermore the cultivar(P1) obtained a significant increase in the bunch weight in Rutab stage as compared with the other cultivars. While the cultivar(P2)with 100 mg.L-1 NAA application showed significant increase in bunch weight in Rutab stage as compared with the other interactions. Ghannamiakhder (P1) cultivar had a significant increase in the fruit content of reducing sugars and non-reducing sugars, while khukri showed significant increase in fruit content of dry matter% and total sugars as compared with the other cultivars..

Evaluation of Genetic behavior of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) As Effect by Planting Dates

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2019, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 43-49

Afield experiment was carried out during the spring and autumn seasons of 2016 and 2017 in AL- Musaib city / 40 km north of Babylon Provence. Two hybrids of sunflower( shamus, French hybrid (Euroflor) were used to evaluate the performance of the two cultivars at both growing seasons as well as knowledge of genetic behavior by studying the genetic and phenotypic variations, heritability percent, genetic and phenotypic coefficient, stability and persistence of the two cultivars .
The results showed significant differences of the studied traits, as the genetic genotype (Shamus) most of the characteristics, especially in yield for two seasons.
The genetic variance was higher than the environmental variance for the two seasons indicating that the two cultivars followed the same behavior. The heritability percent the dominant sense was high for most of the traits. The genetic and phenotypic variations between the mean and the high were different for the two seasons, the correlation coefficient was significant, for both cultivars, indicating the appropriateness of the two genotypes for the country's environmental conditions..

Response of Newly Introduced Tomato Cultivars to different levels of potassium fertilizer under controlled Environment condition.

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2019, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 50-54

The experiment was carried out during growing season (2016-2017) at station of greenhouses, AL-Muthanna university- collage of agriculture- second research station (Al-Bander) to study the response of introduced tomato cultivars to different concentrations of potassium under protected agriculture conditions. The research included three cultivars (Pusa ruby - Arka vikash- Arka Alok) and three levels of Potassium Fertilizer (90-180-270 kg/ha-1). The Randomized Complete Block Design with factorial experiment (RCBD) with three replicates. The results showed the superiority of Arka Alok variety over others in plant height 121.76 cm, fruit width 6.82 cm, fruit length 4.23 cm, average fruit weight 130.61g, leaf area 129.5 cm2, the yield per plant 2.16 kg. The potassium level (270 Kg/ha-1) was also significantly higher in plant height 118.79 cm, fruit width 5.477 cm, fruit length 3.536 cm, 84.60 g, leaf area 127.3 cm2, TSS 4.97 and chlorophyll content 406.89 mg.m2 and yield per plant 2.16 kg. While the interaction showed significant difference (Arka Alok × 270 Kg.ha-1) in fruit length was 4.24 cm, chlorophyll content was 374.91 mg. m2 and the yield per plant was 2.82 kg. plant-1.-1.

Zea mays L. Response to Humic Acid and Vaccination with Bacteria Azotobacter and Azospirillum

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2019, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 55-59

. A field experiment was conducted in the agricultural season (2016 - 2017) in one of the fields of college of Agriculture - University of AL- Qadisiyah on mays L. Zea to study the interrelated effect of both the acid and Azotobacter and Azospirillum. The experiment was applied according to RCBD design and three replicates. The treatment included 12 treatments resulting from the treatment of Control and Azotobacter , Azospirillum , organic fertilizer, The most important results reached:
1. Azotobacter + Azospirillum + organic fertilizer has the superior to the vegetative growth characteristics of mays by giving the highest average (number of leaves, dry weight of leaves, dry weight of root total) (24.67, 17.5 g, 8.17) g respectively, except for treatment (Azospirillum + organic fertilizer) was superior in plant height 92.0 cm.
2-Azotobacter + Azospirillum + organic fertilizer has the highest values for the chemical grade of mays in (potassium, calcium, sodium , respectively (0.243, 2.60 and 0.077) % .

Economic Efficiency of Broad Bean Crop Production During the 2017 Agricultural Season

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2019, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 60-71

This study aims to estimate the economic efficiency of using economic resources to produce broad bean crop with their technical and allocation efficiency . It also aims to do a comparison between the optimum quantities and the actual quantities of used resources. Data were collected through a questionnaire of 20 crop growers in the Al-Qadisiyah province / Al -Badair county during 2017 planting season. This research Using data envelopment analysis in the assessment of economic efficiency and the separation of its components into technical and allocation efficiencies in achieving its objectives. Input oriented models is used under constant and variable Scale returns in the technical efficiency calculation. Variable Scale return is used in allocation efficiency and cost efficiency calculation. capacity efficiency average was 77%, and technical efficiency reached an average of about 81%. This indicates that the sample farmers can achieve the same level of production using 77% of the production resources with maintaining the current level of production. Cost efficiency averaged about 40%, which indicating that the sample bear additional costs of 40%. The research reached many results related to economic efficiency, including the waste of economic resources resulting in cost increases. Therefore, the research recommends to use of production inputs according to the scientifically recommended quantities and ways, especially the quantity of seeds and fertilizers, in line with the crop needs to reach optimum efficiency. .

Effect of Agricultural Exploitation on the Activity of Alkaline Phosphatase and Its Kinetic Properties in Some Soils

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2019, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 72-87

In order to study the role of agricultural exploitation in the activity of Alkaline phosphatase in the province of Diwaniyah, six sites that differ in some of their chemical, physical and biological properties were selected (Diwaniyah, Sunniya, Shamiya, Daghara, Afak and Al Budair). Three types of soils were chosen in each location, namely, orchard soil, field soil and jungle soil. The kinetic parameters of the enzymes maximum velocity (Vmax) and Michaelis constant (Km) were estimated in all study soils using increasing concentrations of the controlled substance. The results present that the highest efficacy of this enzyme is in the orchard soil of all sites except the location of the center Diwaniyah and Shamia. The average efficacy values ranged between (208.11 - 234.95) μg P-Nitro phenol. g-1 soil. 1 hour-1. The highest value of maximum velocity (Vmax) recorded at the field soil of Al-Shamia site (108.57) μg P-Nitro phenol. g-1 soil. 1 hour-1. The lowest value recorded at the soil of a jungle field at the Sunniya location (49.62) μg P-nitro phenol. g-1 soil. 1 hour-1. While the orchard soil of Al-Budair had the highest value of the Michaelis constant (Km) of (85.90) mM, the orchard soil of the Sunniya location had the lowest value (24.34) mM. .

The Effect of the Conventional and Modified Subsoilers on the Soil Water Infiltration in Clay Soil During Sun Flower Crop Growth Stages (Helianthus annus L.)

Kawther A. H. Al-Mosawi; Bahaa A. J. A. Kareem

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2017, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 28-40

A filed experiment has been conducted at college of agriculture research station, Garmit Ali , Basrah university in ( 2014 ) . The soil texture is clay . Three plow types are used namely modifiled subsoiler , conventional subsoiler and moldboard plow . The first two plows (subsoilers) are used at operating depths of 30 , 40 and 50 cm . The moldboard plow is used at operating depth of 25 cm . These plow types are used to study their effect on the soil water infiltration of the soil in after crop harvesting. The crop used in the experiments is sun flower ( Helianthus annus L.) . The following abbrivations are used for the modified and conventional subsoilers operating depths 30 , 40 , and 50 cm , which are they S1D1 , S1D2 , and S1D3 and S2D1 , S2D2 and S2D3 respectively . For the moldboard plow depth of 25 cm MT is used and no tillage treatment (NT) . The control treatment is given (con.) . The filed is divided into three equal area blocks . Each block is divided into nine experimental units . The experimental parameters are randomly distributed on experimental units . The crop seeds are planted on 4/4/2014 . The irrigation is added according to the difficiency in the water level of water evaporation basin . The addition of water is 100% of the measured evaporation value with another 20% as leaching requirement . The crop harvesting date is 4/7/2014 .The results showed :That plowing operation reduced Acumulative infiltration and infilteration rate are higher in the plowed soil compared with unplowed soil (NT) . At the end of season growth S1D3 recorded the highest equmilative and mean infiltration while the lowest values are recorded to MT . The rest of treatments gave medium results.

Interactive Effect of Different Phosphoure Levels, Biofertilizer and Organic Fertilization on Phosphorus Availability and Uptake in Corn Plant (Zea mays L.)

Iman Qasem ohammed; Hamad M. Salih; Hadi M . Kareem

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2016, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 79-89

This experiment aims at testing the activity of biofertilizer, level of phosphorus and humic acid on P availability in the soil. The experiment has been executed in wood shade house of Soil and Water Resource Department College of Agriculture, Abu-Ghraib. Soil is collected from the soil surface (0-30 cm) of the field experiment, passed through the sieve of 4 mm then sterilized with methylbromide and packed at the rate of 5 kg soil / plastic pot.
The experiment involves three levels of P fertilizer (0 , 30 and 60 kg P ha-1) P0, P1 , P2, three levels of humic acid (0 , 20 and 40 kg H.A. ha-1), and two levels of biofertilizer BO (seed not inoculated) and B1 (seed inoculated with biofertilizer) and all possible combinations among these variables. There are 18 treatments each replicated three times. The N and K fertilizers were added to all experiment units at the rate of 240 kg N and 120 kg K . ha-1 . The RCD is adopted. P fertilizer and humic acid are added and mixed with soil surface in pots, and corn seed of biofertilizer treatments inoculated. Corn seeds of Var. 5018 are planted at the rate of 8 seeds pot-1 in 10-5-2013, then seedling thinned to 4 plant pot-1 after 10 days from planting. The results can be summarized as following:
1. The results from pot experiment show active biofertilizer as there is an increase in availability of P in the soil and its uptake by corn plant. Moreover, there are significant increases in dry weight, weight of corn roots by inoculating corn seed with biofertilizer.
2.There is no significant difference between 30 kg P ha-1 and 60 kg P ha-1 on the most of the studies variables (above).

Effect of Salt Levels and Irrigation Periods in Some Reproductive Characters and Chemical properties of Seeds of Two Peas (Pisum sativum L.) Cultivars

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2011, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 1-12

Two experiments were conducted to assess the effect of different salt
levels and irrigation periods on some reproductive characters and chemical
properties of seeds of two peas ( Pisum sativum L.) cultivars; Alderman (tall
cultivar) & Little marvel (short cultivar).The experiment included the use
of drainage water at three salt levels: 2 , 4 , and 6 dsm-1 in addition to Al-
Diwaniya river water (1.4 dsm-1) as a control treatment and three
irrigation periods; 2 , 4 , or 6 days and the combination of the two factors.
The measurements included: number of pods per plant, pod length, number
of seeds per pod, fresh & dry weight of pods. Also some chemical properties
of seeds such as percentage of carbohydrate, proteins and fibers were
determined.
The results showed that salt levels of 4 and 6 dsm-1 levels and the prolong
of irrigation periods decreased significantly pods number and length in the
two cultivars. Seeds number per pod also decreased significantly by using
the 4 and 6 dsm-1 salt levels in Alderman while in Little Marvel cultivar all
salt levels caused such a decrease. Irrigation periods had no effect. All salt
treatments caused a pronounced reduction in fresh and dry weight of pods.
The protein and carbohydrates percentage in seeds were decreased also due
to the effect of all salt treatments in both cultivars while fiber percentage
increased only in Alderman cultivar. Irrigation periods had no significant
effect on the percentage of fibers, but lengthen the periods caused
significant reduction in proteins and carbohydrates content. The
combination of salts at 6 dsm-1 and irrigation every six days wasthe most
negatively effective treatment in all parameters studied.

The Effect of Partial Acidulated Phosphate Rock and Compost on Availability (Triticum aestivum L .)of Phosphorand Growth of Wheat

Dunya Faeq Munaf; Mohammed Abid Al-Robaiee

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2015, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 94-108

A greenhouse pots experiment has been carried out using silty clay loam soil collected from Agronomy department field/College of Agriculture / University of Baghdad to study the behavior and effects of adding different phosphate sources and compost on wheat growth and soil content of phosphor in two stages of wheat growth (tillering& spikes formation). Wheat seeds Triticumaestivum L. are grown in 26/11/2013. Completely randomized block design (CRD) has been used and three mineral phosphate sources، phosphate rock PR (Ecashat region، Iraq),partial Acidulated phosphate rock PR (40 %) (PAPR) and Tri super phosphate (TSP) has been added at one rate (100 kg. p. ha-1 ) by mixing with soil before planting with two levels of compost 0 and 20 mega gram.ha-1 .The available soil phosphor and wheat growth parameters such as plant height , number of tillers , dry weight of vegetation and root plants and total dry weigh of plant are measured at tillering stage and spikes formation stage.
The results show that addition of the mineral phosphate sources and compost and their interaction show significant increases in soil available phosphor values. TSP addition gives the best significant differences followed by PAPR while addition of the phosphate rock does not give asignificant difference compared with the control at the two wheat growth stages. The percentages of increases in the average of the soil available phosphor are 32.7% , 12.81% at tillering and spikes formation stages in TSP and PAPR treatments respectively, and 46.7% , 42.8 % at tillering and spikes formation stages respectively when compost was added and 13. 61% at tillering stage and 11.4 %at spikes formation stage in interaction of compost with TSP. The addition of the mineral phosphate sources and compost and together show positive significant effects in most of growth parameters such as plant height ,tillers number and roots dry weight at spikes formation stage and total dry weight of plant , weight of straw at tillering and spikes formation stages .The TSP treatment is the best followed by PAPR treatment in increasing the last growth parameters compared with PR at which non-significant increases are recorded .

The Effect of Irrigative Quality Water by Addition Various Acids of Growth and Wheat Total (Triticum aestivum)

Evan A. Al-Khafaji

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2017, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 151-159

An experiment has been conducted to study the effect of the quality of irrigation water quality and festination with Potassium and KSC in wheat (Triticum aestivum) cv Moelhu growth productivity. Eight treatments were applied ; irrigation with river water , drainage water , river water plus Potassium humate , river water plus KSC , river water plus Potassium humate plus KSC , drainage water plus Potassium humate , drainage water plus KSC , drainage water plus Potassium humate plus KSC . The treatments are put in completely randomized design with three replications . The parameters measured included ; plant height , spike length , total chlorophyll in SPAD , biological yield , grain yield , harwst index and NPK leaves content .
The results show outweigh the treatment of river, the added organic matter type Slphoric acid and type Potassium humate as compared with the other proportion like the rate of chlorophyll in the leaves, while not it's significantly different from the treatment by drainage water that added organic matter to both previous properties, but it's significantly different as compared with it by plant height feature . and the drainage water excelled with added two types of organic matter in the character of the length of the tufts compared with the comparison treatment and treatment of river water that the added matter of both two types of organic material that are used in the experiment.

The Effect of Cultivated Area and the Prices of Buying the Rice on Its Production in AL- Qadisiyah Province-Iraq During (1990-2014) by Using VECM.

Hayder Abbas Drebee

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2017, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 123-135

The study aims to determine the effect of the cultivated area and the purchase price on the production of rice in the province of Al-Qadissiya - Iraq for the period (1990-2014). Johansen and Juselius method is used to test the co-integration between the variables. Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) is employed to determine the direction of the causality between production and price of rice, as well as between the production of rice and the area cultivated in the short and long run. The analysis of the results shows that there is a co-integration among the variables, and the direction of the relationship is a directional move from cultivated area to production of rice, and from price to production of rice in the short and long run. The study recommends to expand the cultivated area along with maintaining the farm and not to converted to other crops, in addition of determining the purchase price of the crop at the beginning of the agricultural season to ensure a good income for farmers in order to motivate them to increase production.

The Effect of Different added & Concentration of Organic Fertilizer (Humic Acid) an Growth & Quotient Component of Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum) California Wander Cultured Under the Open Field .

Razaq Kadhim Rahman; Salman Shbeb Akol; Ameer Abass Hussein

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2014, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 26-37

An experiment has been conducted in Altalia'a City / Babylon on Paprika Capsicum annunm, California wander cultivar , during the season 2012 under open field in loamy soil . This study includes (9) treatments which are resulted form three levels of humic acid ( 0 , 30 , 40 )g/m2 with 3 dates of added at (15 , 30, 45 days ) from transplanting and their effect on vegetative and fruit growth . The experiment adopts the Split Plot Design (SPD) within RCBD with three replicates and the means are compared to Duncan's Multiple Range Test at the probability level of 0.05.
Results show superiority of all concentrations of humic acid treatments significantly as compared with control treatment in all vegetative growth and fruiting properties and the interaction of is C×T significantly affected the above parameters to control treatment for the four pickings ( 2 , 4 , 6 , 8 ) , for recipes studied .
The treatment dates added have more than the first date on the other two date for prescription rate of plant height (cm) of the four pickings and the results are ( 115.3 , 120.4 , 130.7 , 145.4 ) cm , respectively .While the number of leaves / plant and the area cm2 / plant the second and the third date is superior on the first date , while the number of fruits / plant for the third date has significant above the picking (4, 6 , 8) and the results are ( 20.37 , 19.84 , 13.70 ), fruit / plant , respectively .
Whereas fruit weight in first and second dates are superior. Either recipe yield plant kg / plant outweigh the second date of the another dates and for the four pickings ( 2, 4, 6, 8 ) are ( 0.719 , 2.058 , 2.842 , 3.490 ) kg / plant , respectively

The Effect of Insecticide Vapona ( Nogos) on Pseudomonas aeruginosa in AL-Qadisiya District Fields

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2012, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 108-115

This study includs the determination of the effect of the insecticide
(Nogos) on Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from the rizosphere of Vicia
faba in the fields of AL-Qadisiya district at the range of 0.1,0.3 0.5 ppm
concentration where the 0.5 ppm concentration represents the initial
concentration in the fields .
The results show that the numbers of P.aeruginosa reached 5.8×107 in
treatment control, but the number decreases to 6.4×106 with Nogos in 0.3
ppm and the numbers increased to 1.2×108 in 0.1, 0.5 ppm .
The results show that P. aeruginosa are able to convert this insecticide to
other compounds in the laboratory.

The Influence of Sewage Sludge on Some Soil Chemical Properties Cultivated by Lattuce Plant

K. M. Al-Azawi

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2014, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 17-25

A field experiment has been carried out in one of Yousifia village fields – Baghdad Province to investigate the effect of dried sewage on some chemical proprites in calcarious clay loam textured soil and their effect on the growth and yield of Lettuce plant uses randamized complete block design (RCBD) of triplicates. The experiment includes two treatments : the first one using mineral fertilizers and the second treatment uese mineral fertilizers with 40 ton.ha-1 of dried sewage sludge , mixed with soil to a depth of 30 cm. Mineral fertilizers are applied to all treatments in an average of 180, 220 and 80 kg.ha-1 of Urea (46% N) , super phosphate (20% P) and Potassium sulphate (41.7% K) respectively. Lettuce is planted at 2/11/2012 and irrigated with a river water after consumption of 75% of available water. In 18/2/2013 the plants have been harvested randomly from each replicate , fresh and dry weight measured . Soil and leaves samples from all treatments are taken for analysis.
Results showed: a Significant increase in each of these chemical properties : Electrical conductivity ( from 3.80 to 4.16 dS.m-1),cation exchange capacity (24.28 – 25.36 Cmol+kg-1),soil content of organic matter (8.70 – 11.89 g.kg-1) concentrations of soluble ions , available nitrogen ( 0.42 – 0.81 g.kg-1 ) , available phpsphorus ( 8.6 – 19.81 g.kg-1) , yield and notsigniricant increase in sodium adsorption ratio values (2.54 – 2.80 (mmol/L)½) , while there is a significant decrease in soil reaction values (7.74 – 7.61 ) and decrease in concentrations of available potassium
The results confirm the possibility of using sewage sludge as a good organic fertilizer in Iraqi calcareous soils .

The Evaluation of Potassium Supply and Its Relationship with Mineral Composition for Two Gypsic Soils in Salahldin Province

Abbas Sebur Al-Wotaify

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2013, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 28-44

The current study shows that there is a correlation between the supply of potassium and mineral composition of soil, which take them as samples by drilling tow pedons, one of them at College of Agriculture, and the college of Engineering of Tikrit University after they are described morphologically, and classified to principal horizons. The results of evaluation tests gave reflection in behavior and nature of potassium case, and traditional, thermodynamic and exchange standards show that potassium supply is high level, and the studied soil does not require a potash fertilizer under these conditions. Perhaps the reasons attributed to the occurrence of chloritization phenomenon through results of XRD because of brucite layer precipitation between interlayers of expansible clay minerals(2:1). Specially montmorillonite clay which makes physical blocking exchange or cross-linked between structural units of montmorillonite clay inhibits ionic exchange, and it causes migration of ions to soil solution as nutrient elements are enough for the require of completing plant growth. So other minerals play an important role in potassium supply such as montmorillonite clay which distinguishes with highly layer charge and highly potassium content because it is inherited form mica mineral in the studed soil. As well as the presence of potash feldspar minerals and palygorskite.

Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University

Email:  agr_quir@Yahoo.com

Editor-in-chief: Professor Dr. Majeed Kadhim Abbas

ISSN: 5822-2077

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