Volume 2, Issue 1, Spring 2012, Page 1-132


The Effect of Salinity and Spray with Gibberellin and Cultar on Flowering and Fruiting of Two Cultivars of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.)

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2012, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 1-13

The experiment is conducted to study the effect of gibberellin, cultar, and salinity levels and their interactions on flowering and fruiting characters of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) cv; local and luz De otono. Seeds are planted in metal canes at dimensions of 23 X 33 X 33 cm using silty-clay soil. The experiment runs during the period from 15-10-2006 until 17-4-2007. The two plant growth regulators used are; GA3 at 100, 200, or 400 mg/L and cultar at 250, 500 or 1000 mg/L in addition to control (plants sprayed with distilled water only). The salt levels are 0.02, 0.04 or 0.06 molar in addition to control treatment. Treatments are designed as a factorial experiment (7 x 4) in completely randomized design with three replicates. The flowering and fruiting parameters measured are; date to 50% flowering and podding, total flowers number, total pods number, percentage of dry matter of pods and seeds in addition to protein and carbohydrate percentage in seeds.
The results show that there are no significant effects of gibberellic acid treatments on the time to 50% flowering, or total number of flowers per plant. Cultar treatments causes an earliness of flowering and an increase in total number of flowers. Salinity treatments has a negative effect especially at the treatment of 0.06 molar of sodium chloride. Gibberellic acid treatments increase the time to reach 50% pods and decreased the total number of pods. Cultar treatments decrease the time to reach 50% pods and increase the total number of pods. Sodium chloride treatments have a reverse effect to that of the cultar. Dry matter percentage of pods and seeds decreased due to all treatments used. All treatments used have no significant effect in protein percentage in seeds of the local cultivar or carbohydrate percentage in seeds of luz De otono cultivar. Interaction between the two growth regulators and salinity levels has significant effect on most of the parameters determined especially the combination of the high concentration of gibberellic acid or cultar with the high level (0.06 molar) of sodium chloride.

Effect of Nitrogen Cycocel and Application Method on Vegetative Characters and Medicinal Compounds of Aloe vera During Autumn Season

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2012, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 14-23

Experiment is conducted in the lath house in the the Department of
Horticulture , College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad. Seedlings of
Aloe vera plant are planted in plastic pots 28 cm in dimeter filled with
sandyloam soil. The research contains two separate experiments.
In the first experiment, nitrogen fertilizer is used as urea CO(NH2)2 46%
applied to the soil at a rate of:0,0.5,1.0,1.5 g. plant-1 or as afoliar spray at a
rate of :0,1,2,3 g . L-1.In the second experiment, cycocel is sprayed at the
following concentration :0,500,1000,1500 mg.L -1.The experimental results
show that nitrogen at the rate of N1.5g.plant-1 in the content of the leaves of
the aloin and barbolin , Alotic acid, anthrone, exceeds the fertilization
treatment N0.5g.plant-1 in the content of the leaves of Aloe- emodin,
exceeds the fertilization treatment N1.0 g.L-1 in the content of the leaves of
anthranol and cinnamic acid. The spray treatment of nitrogen at the rate of
N2g.L-1 increases the concentration of. aloin , Aloe-emodin , anthrone and
cinnamic acid. The spray treatment of cycocel at the rate of 1500 mg.L-1
for two spry increases the concentration of, cinnamic acid , aloin , barbolin ,
aloe- emodin and Alotic acid. The spray treatment of cycocel at the rate of
1500 mg.L-1 in four spry increases the concentration of cinnamic acid and
aloin . The spray treatment of cycocel at the rate of 1000 mg.L-1 for two
spry increases the concentration of anthranol and anthrone.

Response of Rice to Different Usages of Herbicides

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2012, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 24-33

A field experiment is carried out at Mishkab Rice Research Station , Al-
Najaf Governorate during summer season of 2008 to investigate the
response of rice to Herbicides ( Bispyrabic-Sodium , Propanil and
Oxadizon) on some characteristics , yield and its component of cultivar
Jasmine. The design used is RCBD with four replication. Bispyrabic-
Sodium causes a reduced number of weed at stages 30 , 60 and 90 day, from
plant sowing 16.7 , 75.7 and 80.3 plant.m-2 and also reduces the dry weight
of these plant by 83.6% compared with control treatment, therefore it gives
high value of plant height 91.6 cm , biological yield 1998.9 gm.m-2 , number
of tillering per square meter 420.6, number of grain per panicle 127.5
grains, also it gives highest paddy of rice 966.0 gm.m-2. It can be concluded
that the different of dosages among the herbicide gives the same result of
weed control and increasing paddy of rice according to weedy treatment.

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2012, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 34-39

The experiments are implemented in the lath house of the Horticulture and
Landscaping Department, College of Agriculture, Basrah University for
season 2010-2011 in order to investigate the effect of spraying of Thiamine
and Ascorbic acid on vegetative and flowering growth of Carnation
Dianthus caryophyllus L. The experiment includes studying the effect of
spraying with three concentrations of Thiamine (0,25,50) mg/l and three
concentrations of Ascorbic acid (0,25,50) mg/l and the interaction among
them. A Complete Randomized Design is used with three replicates; the
means are compared by using revised least significant difference test at 0.05
probability. Results show that the plants treated with 50 mg/l thiamine
causes a significant increase in most vegetative characteristics and plants
treated with 25 or 50 mg/l thiamine causes a significant increase in most of
flowering characteristics studied .Treatment with Ascorbic acid
concentrations 50 mg/l causes a significant increase in plant height and
most of flowering characteristics

The Effects of Foliar Spray of Humic Acid and Planting Distances on Growth and Yield of Karkada ( Hibiscus sabdarifa L. )

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2012, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 40-46

The study is conducted to determine the effects of Humic acid and planting
distances on growth and yield of Karkada ( Hibiscus sabdarifa L.) The
seeds are planted directly in field at 19-5-2010 . The experiment is designed
as a factorial experiment 322 by Randomized Completely Block Design .
The humic acid is sprayed on the leaves in rates of 0 ( control ) , 1.5 and 2
ml liter after one month from seedling emergence and in same rates
recurrent after one month . The seeds are planted at two distances 50 cm ,
70 cm. Results show that the humic acid has significantly effect on fruit
weight (5.53) gm and height plant(192.90)cm.
The planting distances have no significant effect on all plant traits . The
interaction between humic acid and planting distances have significant
effect on chlorophyll content(59.60) spad , number of Branches (37.60)
branch per plant , fruit weight (5.57)gm and plant height (132.0)cm.

The Effect of The Water Duties And the Density of Plant Sunflower Crop Helianthus annuus L

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2012, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 47-59

Implemented a field experiment is conducted in one of the farmers fieldsat
the bank of the Euphrates River in Ramadi - Anbar Province in the autumn
season 2010 to study the impact of two important factors on the
productivity of crop sunflower products Vlami, Group I, levels of
irrigation, the irrigation 100% (full irrigation), 75% and 50 % of ready
water, and Group II levels of plant density, distributed as follows (53 333
and 66 666 and 88 888) plants / ha, use a split plot design with random
sectors, where the occupied levels of irrigation main plots and plant density
secondary pieces. From levels of irrigation the first treatment of irrigation,
has given the best area of leaf is 6743 cm 2 / plant and the top holds the
seeds of the amount of 3.896 tonnes / ha and the top of each of the
consumption of water amounted to 399 mm / season, as well as the amount
of water given to where the 499 mm / season and the highest coefficient of
yield calculated from the basin of evaporation and the highest coefficient of
yield calculated from the equation of Kalat , while the third irrigation
treatment gives the highest efficiency in the use of water amounted to 1.868
kg / m 3, the less amount of water given 246 mm / season. The plant density
is low plant density 53 333 plants / ha increase in leaf area, while densities 66,666 and 88,888 plants / ha gave an increase in the sum of seeds 4.502 and
3.536 tons / ha, respectively, and water use efficiency is 1.824 and 1.386 kg /
m 3 respectively>

Zinc Adsorption in Soil Fractions and Related to Minerals Composition in the Sediments of Tigris and Euphrates Rivers .

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2012, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 60-75

To study the relationship among mineralogical composition of soil fractions and
fraction size , on adsorption of zinc in some alluvial soils , two soil sites are
chosen to represent sediments of Tigris and Euphrates rivers.Soils are fragmented to find clay (< 0.2)micron , coarse clay (0.2-2)micron , silt
(2-50)and sand (50-2000)micron fractions are treated with four levels of zinc
solution(ZnSo4.7H2o) , at rates of (0,20,40,60microgram.ml-1) .
The results show an agreement between amount of adsorbed zinc and soil
content of smectite and chlorite minerals. The highest adsorption is in fine clay
and sand of Tigris sediments , which have high content of expansible 2:1
minerals . The results show a negative relationship between amount of adsorbed
zinc and fraction size.
The results show that Zinc adsorption increase with further addition of Zinc to
the samples and the highest zinc adsorbed is in the fine clay in all treatments,
while sand is the lowest.

The Effect of Adding Water to the Driving Tires of Tractor and Tillage Depths on the Field Performance of Mould Board Plough

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2012, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 76-80

The study has been conducted in AL-Azaizya city (AL-Kut GovernorateK ,
80 km south-east Baghdad . To evaluate the field performance of mould
board plough. Two evaluations are considered in this regard; first adding
or not adding water to the driving tires of tractor, while the second
evaluation includes three levels of ploughing depthes (10, 15 and 20 cm).
The random complete block design (RCBD) was used in the statistical
analysis of obtained data, which are based on the observations of three
replications. The results have demonstrated that adding water to the
driving tire of tractor is significantly effective in decreasing the number of
soil granules masses that have a diameter of more than 10 cm (from 7.3
mass/m2 to 3.4 mass/m2). Equally important, increasing tillage depth from
10 cm to 15 cm and then to 20 cm also caused an increase in the number of
soil granules masses from 4.4 mass/m2 to 5.2 mass/m2 and then to 6.6
mass/m2, respectively. Adding water to driving tires of tractor causes a
reduction in slippage percentage from 12.9% to 8.5%. In contrast,
increasing tillage depth causes an increase in the slippage percentage from
9.7% to 10.6% and then to 11.8%. Finally, the practical production is
decreased due to the added water to the driving tires and rising the tillage
depth.

Study of Development for Body Growth From Birth to Puberty in Local Buffaloes

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2012, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 80-95

This study has been carried out at two regions (Al-Qurna and Al-
Mudayna) by using 27 of local buffaloes (11 calves, 16 heifers) during 2008-
2009 which are belonged to dams with five lambing seasons and their age
groups rangs studying 3.5-5 , 5.5- 7.5 and 8 years and over. The current
study aims at study the effect of age of calve and heifer, sex of borns, dam
age, lambing parity on different body measurements, and to study the effect
of borns sex, age of dam and lambing parity on birth weight of calves and
heifers. The results can be summarized as follows :
Age of calve and heifers appears significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01) effect
on all body measurements, where these measurements are increased with
the progress of the age of the calves and heifers, initially from birth to 22
months of age, chest girth and hip girth dimensions inquire larger change
in all periods where are (12.296 and 11.333 cm) from birth to 4 months of
age,(18.519 and 18.408 cm) for period from 10-16 month and (66.111 and
64.741 cm) for period from birth to 22 months of age. As well as it is found
that portional growth for body length, wither height, rump height, chest
girth and hip girth dimensions from birth up to 22 months of age are 68.49,
70.84, 46.55, 63.47 and 57.16 % respectively. It can depend on these changes
for early prediction of body measurements which have higher correlations
with others at age of 22 months.
It is noticed in this study that sex of borns, age of dam, parity lambing
have been affected significantly (P<0.05) on different body measurements
which are increased with the progress age of dams.
The overall means for birth weight of buffaloe borns is 37.617 kg, this
trait is influenced significantly (P<0.05) by sex of buffaloe born, age of dam

Effects of Different Levels of Energy on Protein ,Lipid in Blood and Some Sensory Character of Local Broiler

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2012, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 96-101

The present experiment has been conducted at a private farm belongs to
AL-Sadeer city , ALQadisiya Governorate ,on 60 local broiler chicks
randomly divided into two replicates (three groups per each ). A provender
: contains 2800 kcal., B provender : contains 3000 kcal and C provender :
contains 3200 kcal . On to determine the effect of three levels of energy on
protein , lipid in blood and some sensory character of local broilers . The
following obtained results show that there is no significant differences
between treatments in total protein , Albumen , flavor , palatability,
juiceless and lose during cooking, while there are significant difference
between treatments in globulin, cholesterol ,triglyceride and tenderness.

Serological Study About Toxoplasmosis in Camels

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2012, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 102-107

This study is conducted to examine serum of (334) Camels in Al- Najaf
slaughter house, which includes (219) males camel and (115) females camel
during the first of July until the end of September/ 2010 , to investigate
antibodies against Toxoplasmosis by Latex agglutination test as well as to
estimate the levels of their antibodies by using semiquantative test.
The total percentage of infestation 20.35%, and sex has no significance on
their infestation in examined camels (16.89%) in males camel and 26.95%
in females camel. The highest percentage of seropositive with
Toxoplasmosis is recorded in adult camels 23.33%, while it is (15.3%) in
young camels .The results reveal that the highest titration of antibodies
level is 32 (19.11%), and there is no significant effect of sex on antibodies
level, while the age of examined camels is affected significantly.

The Effect of Insecticide Vapona ( Nogos) on Pseudomonas aeruginosa in AL-Qadisiya District Fields

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2012, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 108-115

This study includs the determination of the effect of the insecticide
(Nogos) on Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from the rizosphere of Vicia
faba in the fields of AL-Qadisiya district at the range of 0.1,0.3 0.5 ppm
concentration where the 0.5 ppm concentration represents the initial
concentration in the fields .
The results show that the numbers of P.aeruginosa reached 5.8×107 in
treatment control, but the number decreases to 6.4×106 with Nogos in 0.3
ppm and the numbers increased to 1.2×108 in 0.1, 0.5 ppm .
The results show that P. aeruginosa are able to convert this insecticide to
other compounds in the laboratory.

The Effect of Some Chemical Materials and Chemical and Physical Factors on The Isolations of Fungus Alternaria sp .That Cause Damaged of The Some Varies of The Store Seeds and The Native Foods and Tinned

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2012, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 116-128

The present research studys the effect of some biological and physiological
materials on the two isolations Alternaria sp. The study includes the effects
of some species from cultures media on the Alternaria sp. Growth , it is
found that the difference between the two isolations from appearance side
in the dishes or microscope .Cultures media appearance is high efficiency in
growth fungus Alternaria alternata and get diameter of the colonies as to
isolation Alternaria teunissima .Therefore Alternaria teunissima as to
isolation appearance on the (PDA) media ,as well as that the effect of a
number of chemical materials on the species of Alternaria sp are
represented in (sodium chloride ,sucrose ,sodium citrate, sodium
carbonate) and it is noticed that their effect on the two isolations with the choice number of concentration it and it is observed that the efficiency on
tow isolations .Also it is observed that the effect of the number of heating
degrees on isolation and that it used to keep the nutrient , as well as the
choice bacillin of fungicide that it is used in that protecting of crops from
and prevention the rot getting rather observing it effect on the tow
isolations.

Measurement of Some Chemical Characteristics of Water in AL-Najaf Sea

AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2012, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 129-132

This experiment includes the measurement of some chemical characteristics
of AL-Najef sea water which situated at the west of AL-Najaf Governorate
.On September,15,2010. Samples are collected from five locations to study :
temperature , electric conductivity (EC),PH, hardness and concentration of
ions : Chloride, Sulphates and Carbonates.
Results have shower that the measurements of :temperature ranges (20-
28)CV, EC (39-206.6) μm/cm; PH (4.6- (400-873)mgL. The
concentration of ions ranges were of Chloride (200-1400) mg/L; Carbonate
(70-155) mg/L and Sulphate (260-1400)mg/L.
Results have also revealed ,that the values of temperature, conductivity and
hardness are increased with water movement toward the sea with an
increased concentration for the studied ions . These results have indicated
that sea water of AL-Najaf is polluted with an acidic behaviour.